Anthropologie/Archeologie

Présentation de l'entité Prestations de l'entité

Recherche

Outre les domaines spécialisés du SHIFT comme la génétique (humaine, environnementale, animale et végétale) ou encore l’entomologie, les collaborateurs d’anthropologie forensique du SHIFT développent des compétences dans de nombreux autres domaines, notamment à travers des partenariats de recherche.

(2020-2023)
Virtual Re-association of Fragmented Human Remains (FHR) 
Management of fragmented human remains - Improving the protocols for Disaster Victim Identification (PhD direction : Pre Silke Grabherr, PhD supervisors :  Dre Negahnaz Moghaddam and Dr Vincent Varlet, PhD - UNIGE: Lise Malfroy Camine)

The research aims to build a global protocol for a better management of fragmented human remains, especially in DVI situation (Disaster Victim Identification). Innovative technologies for segmentation and virtual re-association of fitting fragments will enhance their identification, and reduce DNA analysis and time needed for their anthropological analysis. This pluridisciplinary project is supported by DVI Switzerland, INTERPOL and ICRC, and implies scientific collaboration with the School of Criminal Sciences (UNIL), the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) and Materialise NV.

 


Virtual Anthropology

CT scans and 3D surface scans are becoming ever more precise and easy to access, and researchers worldwide are taking an interest in using these technologies to test and ameliorate the current methodologies used in forensic anthropology. At the CURML, we test how the “virtual environment” compares to macroscopic observation, and determine which methods are best suited to it. Students and researchers work on varied topics, such as age and sex determination from CT scans and 3D surface scans, or on the computerized reconstruction of fragmented bones in DVI contexts. We also mobilize these techniques in our services.

Paleopathology

The state of health of a population evolves depending on the biological and socio-economic environment that it lives in. This is true for the past (archaeological) and modern (forensic) context. In order to understand why particular illnesses and phenomenon (infectious diseases, violence, etc.) affect our societies the way they do today, they must be understood in their evolution, and therefore their frequency and manifestations in populations past and present must be studied. At the CURML, we carry out research on the health of the human population of the Geneva Lake region, from prehistory to today, and we develop new protocols in this domain by making good use of the imaging techniques at our disposal.